Are Ethiopia and Eritrea behind the status quo in Somalia?
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Somali President Mohamed Abdillahi Farmajo, whose term effectively ended on February 8, naturally clung to power like many African despots.
Like his mentors in the region, MM. Abiy (Ethiopia) and Afwerki (Eritrea), he even showed additional dictatorial traits in attempting to assassinate his political rivals, including the two presidents who came before him and his former prime minister Mr. Hassan Ali Khaire.
Looking back, it now appears that Farmajo has been planning and calculating this eventuality for years, and never intended to transfer power peacefully through a credible election or more specifically selection, as is the case. case in Somalia.
Realizing that he cannot guarantee a result whereby he remains in power even after attempting to rig him into holding key electoral positions with followers of Villa Somalia and members of his own intelligence service, he violated all democratic standards in moves that would make Somalia’s late bloody dictator Siad Barre smile from wherever mass murderers are found in the afterlife.
Mr. Farmajo has chosen diplomatic scuffles with many countries such as the United Arab Emirates, Kenya and Djibouti – countries which have supported successive Somali governments to their detriment.
Worse, he attempted to drag Kenya into all-out war with Somalia, although the Nairobi defense forces were tasked with securing large swathes of southern Somalia under AMISOM’s mandate.
Without saying it explicitly, one of the main reasons he isolated Somalia is that these countries have some level of ties to Somaliland.
In his desperate attempt to cling to power, it appears Farmajo is determined to transform Somalia into an Eritrean-style hermit state by burning down every possible diplomatic bridge until its only allies are Ethiopia, the Eritrea, Turkey, Qatar and China.
The Somali National Army which was equipped and trained by the US, UK, Turkey, Qatar and others, was used to carry out Farmajo’s orders and withdrew virtually all units from combat very important with Al-Shabaab and reassigned them to its own loyal tribal militia to fight Jubaland – a federal member state, where trained American and Turkish units were recently seen beating wounded Jubaland fighters captured in combat.
The same units are now being used against Farmajo’s political rivals and have been implicated in the assassination attempts of two former presidents and a prime minister.
Under Farmajo, Al-Shabaab not only strengthened its hold over much of Somalia and in particular the areas around the capital, but by the Minister of Finance’s admission, Mr. Baileh is “extremely efficient in collecting data. taxes “and other basic services. compared to the federal government.
The Farmajo administration has made Somalia the only safe haven in the world where a deadly terrorist organization remains undisputed and can organize and plan successful attacks outside Somalia, including the brazen attack on Manda Bay airfield in Kenya where American soldiers were killed.
Mr Farmajo has skirted the dictatorial drain for some time with frequent summits with Abiy and Afwerki and has been outspoken about his contempt for democracy and the fact that changing governments every few years can be disruptive.
The outcome of these closed-door meetings remains a mystery, but may explain how recruits from the Somali National Army ended up in Eritrea for training and, to the shock and horror of their parents, were sent to fight in Tigray under the law and order of Abiy. operation.
One of Farmajo’s oft-overlooked attributes is his cruelty, cruelty and determination to stay in power at all costs, and for context one has to consider Mr. Farmajo’s direct connection to the former Somali dictator Mr. Mohamed Siad Barre under whose regime tens of thousands of innocent civilians were murdered. The bulk of Barre’s genocidal oppression occurred in the now independent Republic of Somaliland, where major cities have been systematically bombed and razed to the ground.
In her MA thesis titled “The United States’ Strategic Interest in Somalia: From the Cold War Era to the War on Terrorism”. rebels and the government.
For a morally bankrupt politician like Farmajo, burning Mogadishu is a small price to pay to stay in power.
Although he failed miserably to rule or secure any gains against Al-Shabaab and spent much of his tenure undermining the long-scheduled elections, which at one point even the international community naively believed that they could stand on the basis of a person, a voice; he has been very successful in deceiving the international community and its ambassadors.
Representatives from the US, UK, EU and United Nations have behaved like chronic gamblers and doubled their bets on Farmajo every step of the way, but worse, are now completely co-opted.
They unwittingly side with him and completely ignore appeals from the opposition, or the fact that they are being shot by the very troops they have trained to protect the country, and insist that we can trust him to implement the Dhusamareeb agreements of August 17. .
The damage to the reputation of the United Nations and of the countries whose representatives have turned a blind eye to Farmajo’s actions to drag Somalia into civil war is immense and can take years to undo.
US Ambassador Donald Yamamoto, whose departure is imminent and has been described as “old” by Congresswoman Karen Bass, his recently reassigned British counterpart – Mr. Ben Fender, as well as the head of UNSOM and Special Representative of Secretary-General James Swan gave Farmajo carte blanche from the earliest days and was a willing partner in Farmajo’s lies to the world community about Somalia and his return. imminent.
Mr. Yamamoto was instrumental in relieving Somalia’s debt and getting the United States off its massive debt, in an effort to bring Somalia back into the fold of the global community as as a nation that has overcome wars, famine and above all corruption.
None of this is true, and according to the London School of Economics, the process was not only rushed, but downright fabricated to make Somalia more palatable.
SRGS Mr. Swan in his last address to the Security Council raised the issue of the current electoral stalemate, but ignored the fact that Mr. Farmajo has been the biggest obstacle to free and fair elections in Somalia, precisely because that it has failed to control and mitigate the negative effects.
Mr Swan virtually ignored opposition politicians’ call for impartiality and called their February 18 assassination attempt at their hotels a “clash.”
Mr. Farmajo, a former U.S. citizen of Buffalo, renounced his citizenship on August 1, 2019, 2 years and five months after becoming President, and fully aware that U.S. law prohibits its citizens from hold such positions.
In the mind of a fascist dictator, he and Villa Somalia presented the act of renouncing his American citizenship as a nationalist action aimed at strengthening his influence.
It is clear to those who are not among his rabid supporters that he had taken this action to avoid being pursued on American soil where he had never planned to return.
More recently, Mr. Farmajo uses an entirely different calculation than the opposition, and Western diplomats are desperately hoping things will magically work out since his connection to Abiy, the last outcast of the Horn, and Afwerki, a leader who has starved and enslaved his people for decades – so much so that the West is in fact powerless to do anything but issue strong statements and all it really needs is Ethiopia and Eritrea to help appease its opponents while Qatar and Turkey arm it and foot the bill.
There are few options left for the international community to become impartial and regain the trust of the Somali people and the first step is to recalibrate its assessment of Farmajo and how far it is willing to go to stay in power.
Second, they must recognize that it is the biggest obstacle to democracy and stability in Somalia.
In the case of the United States, which is Somalia’s biggest loser from Farmajo, despite Washington having spent the most in Somalia in the past 30 years and possibly losing many military personnel trying to help Somalia to stand on its own, it now has less influence than China which actually gets the lion’s share of Somalia’s natural resources, including the exclusive privilege of fishing in Somali waters.
Ambassador Yamamoto failed to keep Somalia away from the Communists; and under his watch, Somalia could slide into a major civil war.
Indeed, Joe Biden’s new administration appears to be taking a stronger stance on human rights issues, and particularly in the region, the Ethiopian government has urged to allow humanitarian aid in Tigray. Biden is reportedly considering appointing a special envoy to the region, which could be the anecdote of Yamamoto’s years of diplomatic failures in Somalia.
Another unexplored leverage for the international community is to pressure and possibly censor its citizens who currently hold ministerial or political positions in Somalia to ensure that their citizens are not involved in other Tigray-style conflicts that are sure to follow. Farmajo’s failure to hold long planned elections and his reluctance to transfer power peacefully.
Farmajo currently employs many Western nationals including Prime Minister Mr. Mohamed Hussein Roble, a Swedish national, Minister of Information Mr. Osman Dubbe, a British citizen, Minister of Finance Mr. Abdirahman Dualeh Beileh, and Minister of Foreign Affairs Mr. Mohamed Abdirizak, both naturalized Americans, the Minister of Planning Mr. Gamal Mohamed Hassan, of Canadian nationality and the list goes on.
There are laws that prevent naturalized citizens of a country from returning to their home country and serving in an undemocratic regime that openly violates human rights and other international standards.
The UAE and Kenya could also be of great help in ridding the Somali people of Farmajo by sanctioning the above individual ministers and ensuring that Somali politicians do not hide their ill-gotten wealth in their countries.
None of these ministers and members of Farmajo’s inner circle have renounced their foreign citizenship as Farmajo, and are legally exposed and would abandon Farmajo under the slightest pressure from their governments – an option which, if exercised, will produce results. results and possibly prevent another civil war in Somalia. .
Source: Chronicle of Somaliland